Kingdom of Morroco

Morrocan Recipes

 

 

 

 

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Morroco called “al-Mamlaka al-Magribiyya”(The Western Kingdom) is a country located in the north west part of the African continent.
It has a population of about 32.000.000 and an area of 447.000 km.

It’s capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca (yes, the one from the movie).

     

It has a coast on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar to the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Algeria to the east, Spain to the north and Mauritania to the south via the Western Sahara Territories.
Most people live west of the Atlas Mountains, a range that insulates the country from the Sahara Dessert.
Casablanca is the center of commerce and industry and a leading port; Rabat being the capital is the seat of government; Tangier is the gateway to Morocco from Spain as well as a major port; and Fez is the cultural and religious center, and Marrakech is the leading tourism center.
It’s main language is Arabic, but other languages are also spoken.
About 40% of the population (in the rural areas) speaks Berber, which also has about three different dialects itself. They can also be spoken as a side language together with the classic Arabic.
French is considered an unofficial second language, which also serves as Morroco’s official language of commerce, economics, education and government. Spanish is also spoken. Starting on 2002 English started being taught in schools as well.
Morocco is what is called a DE JURE constitutional monarchy, with an elected parliament.
The King of Morocco has vast powers which can dissolve government and also deploy the military.
The Atlas Mountains run down the backbone of the country. Most of the southeast portion of the country is in the Sahara Desert.
Around the coast is where most of the agriculture lies.
The major resources of the economy are: sales of fish and seafood, agriculture, phosphates and of course tourism.
Morocco is the third biggest producer of phosphates in the world, after the United States and China.
There is also a large trade agreement with the European Union.
Morocco is the third largest Arab country after Egypt and Sudan. Most Moroccans are Sunni Muslims of Berber and Arab descent.

Culture: Arabization is mainly a cultural process without significant genetic replacement. Even though the European Journal of genetics state that the Moroccan people were closer to the Iberians and French rather than to the Saharan-Africans.
Morocco is a largely ethnic diverse country rich in culture and civilization. It has hosted many cultures, including Phoenicians,Carthaginians, Jews and Arabs (from the East), Romans, Vandals, Andalusian’s (from the North), and Sub-Saharan Africans (from the South).
All these civilizations had an impact in the social structure of Morocco. It conceived various forms of believes, from paganism, Judaism, and Christianity to Islam.
Literature has grown and diversified. From poetry, essays, historiography, thanks to the influence of the Middle East, and Western literature. There has been, as well influence from France, using it in research of social and natural sciences, as in the fields of literature and literary studies. There have been as well some famous writers born in Morocco such as: Pierre Loti, William S. Burroughs and Paul Bowles.
Since independence, painting, sculpture, popular music, theatre and filmmaking have been growing at an amazing pace.
There are productions of theatre, art and music festivals as well. Lately there is a World Sacred Music Festival as well held in the city of Fez.
One thing important in Morocco, is to preserve its diversity of cultural heritage.
Morocco is famous for the combination of Berber, Jewish and Arabic cultures, and mixing them with the French and Spanish one as well. In the last years there has been an influence of the Anglo-American culture, and lifestyle.
Sports - Morocco’s people center on football (known as soccer), polo, swimming and tennis. Football is the country’s premier sport, and in the 1970 World cup games, Morocco was the first African nation to participate.
Moroccan cuisine has been considered as one of the most diversified cuisines of the world. This is a result of centuries old integration with the outside world.
Moroccan cuisine is a mix of Berber, Spanish, Portuguese, Moorish, French, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean and African cuisines, as well as Jewish cuisine.
Spices are used extensively. Even though some spices might be imported, other ingredients like saffron, mint, olives and oranges are locally grown.
Chicken is the most commonly eaten meat in the country. Beef and lamb are eaten as well, lamb being preferred. Couscous is the most famous dish along with pastilla, tagine and harira.
The most popular drink is tea with mint, which is accompanied by lumps of sugar.

 


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Morrocan table

 

 

 

 

 

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Debbie's Culinary Journey, debbiesculinaryjourney@gmail.com