colombia

 

Colombian Recipes

 

 

 

 

colombian flag  

 

Colombia is located in the North West part of South America.
It borders on the east with Venezuela, Brazil on the south east,Ecuador and Peru on the south and with Panama on the north west, the Caribbean Sea on the north, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
Colombia is the 26th largest country in the world, and the fourth larges in South 

     
America, the 29th. Largest in population in the world and third in South America. Also it’s the third largest Spanish speaking population in the world after Mexico and Spain.
Colombia was originally inhabited by indigenous nations including the Muisca, Quimbaya and Tairona.
In 1944 the Spaniards arrived and initiated a period of conquest and colonization which led to the creation of the Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada (what today is Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama), with its capital in Bogota.
The name Colombia was derived from the name of Christopher Columbus (Spanish Cristobal Colon).
Part of the Pacific Ring Of Fire, a region in the world subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, Colombia is dominated by the Andes mountains. There are three cordilleras (rope, in English) the Occidental that runs adjacent to the Pacific coast, the Cordillera Central that runs between The Cauca and Magdalena river, including the cities of Medellin, Manizales and Pereira; and the Cordillera Oriental That extends all the way north towards the Guajira Peninsula, including the cities of Bogota, Bucaramanga and Cucuta.
The highest peaks can reach up to 18000 feet. Bogota is today the highest city of its size in the world at 8500 feet.
On the East of Los Andes lie the Llanos which are part of the Orinoco River basin and towards the south lay the Amazon rainforest.
To the north in the Caribbean Coast it’s the home of about 20% of the population which are the cities of Cartagena and Barranquilla, and also the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta which includes the country’s highest peaks the Pico Cristobal Colon and the Pico Simon Bolivar as well as the Guajira desert.
In contrast with that the Pacific coast is a very dense green part of the country.
The principal country’s port is Buenaventura.
Colombia also has islands in the Caribbean Sea and in the Pacific Ocean.
Because Colombia lies within the Pacific ring of fire there is consequent geological instability, with its 15 major volcanoes, some of the eruptions have occasionally resulted in severe loss of human life, such as the Armero tragedy in 1985, and severe devastating earthquakes as the Armenia one in 1999.
Sometimes there are tremendous floods on the coastal areas thanks to the El Niño Southern Oscillation.
Human induced deforestation changed the Andean landscape and is growing towards the Amazon and pacific coast.
Unfortunately, illegal armed groups have deforested large amounts of forest in order to plant illegal crops including 99,000 hectares strictly for planting coca, in which the army has fumigated with hazardous chemicals as well as destroying the oil pipelines, which also make for devastating ecological disasters.

Colombia is a very rich country in natural resources which include: petroleum, coal, coffee, gold, several agricultural products, and it’s considered as well as the world’s leading source of emeralds, and one of the largest flower grower in the world( 70 % of the flowers imported by the U.S.A come from Colombia).
On May 28th. 2007 the American magazine Business Week named Colombia as the “most extreme emerging market on earth”.


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Debbie's Culinary Journey, debbiesculinaryjourney@gmail.com